Une réponse automatique qu'on reçoit :
De : MILIBAND, David <MILIBANDD@parliament.uk>
Envoyé : mercredi 27 septembre 2006 20:31:47
À : <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Objet : CIWF - Wish you were here
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Since May this year, beef and live cattle can once again be exported from the
UK. However, the return to normal, harmonised trading conditions with other EU
countries also means that the ban on the export of live calves is lifted. The
UK must implement EU law and cannot place a unilateral ban on the export of
calves, because to do so would contravene free trade rules and would be illegal
under EU law.
The Government has consistently said that we prefer a trade in meat to the long
distance transport of live animals to slaughter, whether in the UK, or across
borders. The proportion of live exports when compared to the proportion of
meat exported has in fact been decreasing. The trade has been almost
exclusively in the sheep sector, and the proportion of live sheep exports when
compared to exports in the form of sheep meat fell from nearly 15% in 1999 to
under 3% in recent years. The trade that does take place is closely monitored to
ensure the health and welfare of livestock being transported.
This Government is committed to the welfare of animals and has played a key role
in securing improved welfare rules across the EU. There is EU wide legislation
on animal welfare for animals while on farm, during transport and in
slaughterhouses, which all EU countries must abide by. New European wide
welfare in transport rules will come into force in January 2007 providing
further improvements. This is not just about exports, but about ensuring
acceptable conditions for all animals throughout their life, whether they are
kept in the UK or elsewhere in Europe.
Some Member States have, like the UK, banned veal crates in advance of the
deadline, taken other measures to safeguard the welfare of calves or have no
veal industry at all. Many producers throughout Europe will have already
converted to alternative systems in advance of the ban, for example the
"welfare-friendly" (rosé clair in France) straw-based systems in which calves
are housed in groups rather than in veal crates. We welcome the National
Farmers' Union statement of 28 April asking potential calf exporters to give
assurances that calves from Britain will only be sent to rearing units that
comply with the EU requirements coming into force in January 2007, that is,
exported to non-veal crate welfare friendly systems.
As there is only a very small domestic market for veal (less than 1% of total
beef sales), purebred male dairy calves have, until recently, had little or no
economic value in the UK. As a result up to 40% of all male dairy calves have
been disposed of humanely at or soon after birth. However since the lifting of
the ban on live cattle exports in May, a strong market for these calves has
opened up for veal production on the continent, which provides a powerful
incentive for the live export trade. Since the opening of the export market,
demand for all cattle has been stimulated, with some increase in calf prices
being reported by the industry as a result.
We are seeking to encourage the industry to develop alternative uses for calves
other than live export, and welcome the Compassion in World Farming/RSPCA
initiative on this including the event in July which brought together welfare
groups, the dairy and beef industry and the retail sector to discuss this issue,
which the Animal Health and Welfare Minister, Ben Bradshaw, also attended.
A recent study into the economic drivers faced by UK dairy enterprises for
rearing male calves reinforces the industry view that the opportunities for home
produced veal are limited. The domestic veal market remains very stubbornly
small and the potential to develop alternative products or more lucrative
markets are likely to be attenuated by the availability of lower-cost veal cuts
from the established continental market.
However, the study also found that the demand for purebred Holstein/Friesian
bull calves from the dairy herd is growing and that raising these calves as
young bulls to a lighter weight than usual specifically for the growing domestic
manufacturing trade in beef is the most promising commercially viable
alternative to live exports. These findings closely follow the general
expectations of the sector and the English Beef and Lamb Executive have already
made provisions to cover development in the manufacturing beef trade under the
Defra sponsored Better Returns Programme and its Quality Standard scheme.